Song lyrics ci 詞








  • Jao Tsung-i: Tzu'ǔ-tsi k'ao: Examination of Documents Relating to Tz'u. Part 1. Collected Works of Separate Authors from T'ang to Yüan. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 1963
  • Stanley M. Ginsberg: A Bibliography of Criticism on Tang and Sung Tz'u Poetry. Madison: University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1975


  • Julie Landau: Beyond Spring: Tz'u Poems of the Sung Dynasty. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994
  • Alice W. Cheang: A Silver Treasury of Chinese Lyrics. Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 2003

PhD Dissertations

  • Shu-lan Feng: La Technique et l'histoire du 'ts'eu'. Université de Paris, 1935
  • Lilian E. Bennet: The Language of the Tz'u. University of Sydney, 1966
  • Shih-chuan Chen: The Chinese Tz'u Poetry (Chinese Lyrics of the Eighth to Twelfth Centuries). University of Washington, 1966
  • Liou-yi Yuh: Liu Yung, Su Shih, and some Aspects of the Development of Early Tz'u Poetry. University of Washington, 1972
  • Conal Boyce: Phythm and Meter of Tsyr in Performance. Harvard University, 1975
  • Hsien-ching Yang: Aesthetic consciousness in Sung 'yung-wu-tz'u' (songs on objects). Princeton University, 1988
  • Maija Bell Samei: Gendered Persona and Poetic Voice: The Abandoned Woman in Early Chinese Song Lyrics. University of Michigan, 1998
  • Anna Shield: Contending with Spring: The Poets and Poetic Practice of The Collection From Among the Flowers (Huajian ji). Indiana University, 1998
  • Benjamin B. Ridgway: Imagined Travel: Displacement, Lanscape, and Literati Identity in the Song Lyrics of Su Shi (1037-1101). University of Michigan, 2005


  • Shuen-fu Lin: The Transformation of the Chinese Lyrical Tradition: Chiang K'uei and Southern Sung Tz'u Poetry. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978
  • John Timothy Wixted: The Song Poetry of Wei Chuang (836-910 A.D.) Tempe: Arizona State University, 1978
  • Kang-i Sun Chang: The Evolution of Chinese Tz'u Poetry: From Late T'ang to Northern Sung. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980
  • Daniel Bryant: Lyric Poets of the Southern T'ang: Feng Yen-ssu, 903-960, and Li Yü, 937-978. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1982
  • Lois Fusek: Among the Flowers: The Hua-chien chi. New York: Columbia University Press, 1982
  • Marsha L. Wagner: The Lotus Boat: The Origins of Chinese Tz'u Poetry in T'ang Popular Culture. New York: Columbia University Press, 1984
  • Grace S. Fong: Wu Wenying and the Art of Southern Song Ci Poetry. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987
  • David R. McCraw: Chinese Lyricists of the Seventeeth Century. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1990
  • Kang-i Sun Chang: The Late-Ming Poet Ch'en Tz'u-lung: Crisis of Love and Loyalism. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1991
  • Maiji Bell Samei: Gendered Persona and Poetic Voice: The Abandoned Woman in Early Chinese Song Lyrics. New York: Lexington Books, 2004


  • Stephen C. Soong: Song Without Music: Chinese Tz'u Poetry. Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 1980
  • Pauline Yu: Voices of the Song Lyric in China. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994


  • Glen W. Baxter: Metrical Origins of the Tz'u. HJAS 16.1/2 (1953): 108-145
  • Shih-chuan Chen: The Rise of the Tz'u, Reconsidered. JAOS 90.2 (1970): 232-242
  • James J. Y. Liu: Some Literary Qualities of the Lyric (Tz'u). In Studies in Chinese Literary Genres, 1974, 133-153
  • Kurt W. Radtke: The Development of Chinese Versification: Studies on the shih, tz'u and ch'ü genres. OE 23.1 (1976): 1-37
  • Michael E. Workman: The Bedchamber Topos in the Tz'u Songs of Three Medieval Chinese Poets: Wen T'ing-yün, Wei Chuang, and Li Yü. In Critical Essays on Chinese Literature, ed William H. Nienhauser, Hong Kong: The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1976
  • Chia-ying Yeh Chao: On Wang I-sun and his Yung-wu Tz'u. HJAS 40.1 (1980): 55-91
  • Grace S. Fong: Wu Wenying's Yongwu Ci: Poem as Artifice and Poem as Metaphor. HJAS 45.1 (1985): 323-347
  • Madeline Chu: Interplay Between Tradition and Innovation: The Seventeenth Century Tz'u Revival. CLEAR 9.1/2 (1987): 71-88
  • Grace S. Fong: Persona and Mask in the Song Lyric (Ci). HJAS 50.2 (1990): 459-484
  • Grace S. Fong: Inscribing Desire: Zhu Yizun's Love Lyrics in Jingzhiju qinqu. HJAS 54.2 (1994): 437-460
  • Brook Ziporyn: Temporal Paradoxes: Intersections of Time Present and Time past in the Song Ci. CLEAR 17 (1995): 89-109
  • Robert Ashmore: The Banquet's Aftermath: Yan Jidao's Ci Poetics and the High Tradition. TP 88.4/5 (2002): 211-250
  • Lap Lam: Elevation and Expurgation: Elite Strategies in Enhancing the Reputation of Ci. CLEAR 24 (2002): 1-41

Reference works

  • 溫廣儀: 唐宋詞常用語釋例. Huhehaote: Neimenggu chubanshe, 1978


  • 吳梅: 詞學通論. Shanghai: Shangwu yinshu guan, 1933
  • Murakami Tetsumi 村上哲美: Sōshi kenkyū: To Godai Hoku-sō hen 宋詞研究: 唐五代北宋篇. Tokyo: Sobunsha, 1976
  • 楊海明: 唐宋詞史. Hangzhou: Jiangsu guji chubanshe, 1987
  • 嚴迪昌: 清詞史. Nanjing: Jiangsu guji chubanshe, 1990
  • 謝桃坊: 中國詞學史. Chengdu: Bashu shushe, 1993
  • 方智范: 中國詞學批評史. Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe, 1994
  • 胡雲冀: 中國詞史略. Changsha: Yuelu shushe, 2011