Yi jing 易經 Classic of changes

the Yi jing was the first text recognized as a classic. by the 3rd century the core text consisting of , 卦名, 卦辭, and 爻辭 was integrated with the commentary of the so called Ten Wings 十翼.







  • Jean-Baptiste Régis
  • Canon McClathchie: A Translation of the Confucius "Classic of Change". Shanghai 1876
  • James Legge: The I Ching. 1882
  • Richard John Lynn: The Classic of Changes: A New Translation of the I ching as Interpreted by Wang Bi. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994
  • Richard Rutt: The Book of Changes (Zhouyi): A Bronze Age Document Translated with Introduction and Notes. London: Routedge Curzon, 2002

Commentaries and related works



PhD Dissertations

  • Gea Tung: Philosophy of Action and Change: The Interpretation of the 'I ching' by Wang Pi (226-249). The Claremont Graduate University, 1971
  • Gerald W. Swanson: The Great Treatise: Commentary Tradition to the "Book of Changes". University of Washington, 1974
  • Larry James Schulz: Lai Chih-te (1525-1604) and the Phenomenology of the "Classic of Change". Princeton University, 1982
  • Timothy Stephen Phelan: The Neo-Confucian Cosmology in Chu Hsi's "I-hsueh ch'i-meng" (A Primer for Studying the "Changes"). University of Washington, 1982
  • Edward L. Shaughnessy: The Composition of the "Zhouyi". Stanford University, 1983
  • Joseph Alan Adler: Divination and Philosophy: Chu Hsi's Understanding of the I-ching. University of California, 1984
  • Howard Goodman: Exegetes and Exegeses of the Book of Changes in the Third Century AD: Historical and Scholastitic Contexts for Wang Pi. Princeton University, 1985
  • Richard Alan Kunst: The Original "Yijing": A Text, Phonetic Transcription, Translation, and Indexes, with Sample Glosses. University of California, 1985
  • Bent Nielsen: The Qian zuo du 乾鑿度: A Late Han Dynasty (202 BC - AD 220) Study of the Book of Changes Yi jing 易經. University of Copenhagen, 1995
  • Peng-fu Neo: A Study of the "Auxiliary Texts of the Book of Changes" [Yiwei 易緯]. University of California, 2000


  • Hellmut Wilhelm: Heaven, Earth, and Man in the Book of Changes: Seven Eranos Lectures. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1977
  • Iulian K. Shchutskii: Researches on the I Ching. London: Routedge and Kegan Paul, 1980
  • Kidder Smith: Sung Dynasty Uses of the I Ching. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1990
  • Tze-ki Hon: The Yijing and Chinese Politics: Classical Commentary and Literati Activism in the Northern Song Period, 960-1127. New York: State University of New York Press, 2005
  • Richard J. Smith: Fathoming the Cosmos and Ordering the World: The Yijing and Its Evolution in China. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2008


  • Stephen E. McKenna and Victor H. Mair: A Reordering of the Hexagrams of the I Ching. Philosophy East and West 29.4 (1979): 421-441
  • James A. Ryan: Leibniz' Binary System and Shao Yong's "Yijing". Philosophy East and West 46.1 (1996): 59-90
  • Edward L. Shaughnessy: The Fuyang Zhou Yi and the Making of a Divination Manual. AM 14.1 (2001): pdf
  • Xing Wen: Hexagram Pictures and Early Yi Schools: Reconsidering the Book of Changes in Light of Excavated Yi Texts. MS 51 (2003): 571-604

Literature (non-western)


  • 邢文: Boshu zhouyi yanjiu 帛書周易研究. Beijing: Renmin chubanshe, 1997