The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons 文心雕龍

a work by 劉勰


PhD Dissertations

  • Donald Arthur Gibbs: Literary Theory in the Wen-hsin tiao-lung. University of Washington, 1970
  • Peter B. Way: Classicism in Aristotle's "Poetics" and Liu Xie's "Wenxin diaolong". University of Washington, 1990
  • Minru Li: A classical Chinese perspective toward literature: Liu Xie's theory of "wenxin". The Ohio State University, 1996
  • Jingsong Ma: Literature (wen) as fusion of mind (xin) and Dao: The origins and foundations of literature according to the first five chapters of "Wenxin diaolong". University of Toronto, 2005


  • Vincent Yu-chung Shih: The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons: A Study of Thought and Pattern in Chinese Literature. New York, 1959
  • Siu-kit Wong, Allan Chung-hang Lo and Kwong-tai Lam: The Book of Literary Design. Hong Kong University Press, 1999
  • Zongqi Cai: A Chinese literary mind: culture, creativity, and rhetoriv in Wenxin Diaolong. Standford University Press, 2001
  • Zhaochu Li: Wenxin Diaolong: Das literarische Schaffen ist wie das Schnitzen eines Drachen. Projekt Verlang, 2007


  • Zongqi Cai: Wen and the Construction of a Critical System in "Wenxin Diaolong" . CLEAR 22 (2000): 1-29
  • Victor Mair: “Buddhism in the Literary Mind and Ornate Rhetoric.” A Chinese Literary Mind: Culture, Creativity, and Rhetoric in Wenxin Diaolong. Ed. Zong-qi Cai. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 2001. 63-81.