Zuo zhuan 左傳


  • James Legge, The Ch'un ts'ew, with the Tso Chuen. The Chinese Classics.
  • Burton Watson, The Tso Chuan: Selections from China's Oldest Narrative History, Columbia University Press, 1989.


PhD Disserations

  • Rebecca Zerby Byrne: Hormony and Violence in Classical China: A Study of the Battles of the "Tso-chuan". The University of Chicago, 1974
  • Koo-yin Tam: The Use of Poetry in Tso chuan: An Analysis of the "fu-shih" Practice. University of Washington, 1975
  • Ronald C. Egan: Selections from "Tso chuan": Translation and Analysus. Harvard University, 1976
  • David Schaberg: Foundations of Chinese historiography: Literary representation in Zuo zhuan and Guoyu. Harvard University, 1996
  • Ursula Heidbüchel: Rhetorik im antiken China : eine Untersuchung der Ausdrucksformen höfischer Rede im Zuo Zhuan, Herzog Zhao. Westfälische Universität Münster, 1993


  • Bernhard Karlgren: On the Authenticity and Nature on the Tso Chuan. Göteborgs Högskolas Arsskrift, Volume 32, No. 3, 1926
  • Bernhard Karlgren: The Early History of the Chou Li and Tso Chuan Texts. Bulletin of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities, Volume 3, 1931, pp. 1-53
  • Henri Maspero: La Composition et la date du Tsu tchouan. Melanges chinois et boudhiques, Volume 1, 1932, pp. 139-215
  • Chauncey S. Goodrich: A Note on the Textual Criticism of the Formula for the Bow-and-Arrow Gifts in the Tso chuan. JAOS, Volume 78, No. 1 , 1958), pp. 41-49
  • Ronald Egan: Narratives in Tso Chuan. HJAS, Volume 37, No. 2, 1977, pp. 323-352